XMATCH

Excel XMATCH函数在数组或单元格区域中搜索指定项,然后返回该项的相对位置。 它是MATCH功能更强大、更灵活的后继者。 XMATCH支持近似和精确匹配,反向搜索以及使用通配符(*?)的部分匹配。

语法 参数 说明 lookup_value (必需) 查找值 lookup_array (必需) 要搜索的数组或区域 [match_mode] (可选) 指定匹配类型:0 - 精确匹配(默认值)。 如果找不到匹配的结果,返回 #N/A。-1 - 完全匹配项或下一个最小项1 - 完全匹配项或下一个最大的项2 - 通配符匹配,其中 *, ? 以及 ~ 有特殊含义.. [search_mode] (可选) 指定搜索类型:1 - 从第一项开始执行搜索。(默认值)。-1 - 从最后一项开始执行反向搜索。2 - 执行依赖于按升序排序的lookup_array的二分查找。 如果未排序,将返回无效结果。-2 - 执行依赖于按降序排序的lookup_array的二分查找。 如果未排序,将返回无效结果。 使用说明 Excel XMATCH函数执行查找并返回结果的位置。 XMATCH可以在垂直或水平范围内执行查找,它是MATCH功能更灵活,更强大的后继者。 XLOOKUP支持近似匹配和精确匹配,以及使用通配符(*?)的部分匹配。 与XLOOKUP函数一样,XMATCH可以从第一个值或最后一个值开始搜索数据(即反向搜索)。 最后,XMATCH可以执行二分查找,该查找方式专门针对速度进行了优化。 策略 XMATCH可以同时使用垂直和水平阵列。 如果找不到需要查找的值,XMATCH将返回#N/A。
window.onload = function() { var spread = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Workbook(_getElementById("ss")); spread.options.allowDynamicArray = true; initStyles(spread); initSpread(spread); }; function initSpread(spread) { spread.setSheetCount(4); spread.suspendPaint(); spread.suspendCalcService(); initSheet1(spread.getSheet(0)); initSheet2(spread.getSheet(1)); initSheet3(spread.getSheet(2)); initSheet4(spread.getSheet(3)); spread.resumeCalcService(); spread.resumePaint(); } function initStyles(spread) { var introStyle = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Style(); introStyle.name = 'intro'; introStyle.font = 'normal bold 16px Segoe UI'; introStyle.foreColor = "#172b4d"; spread.addNamedStyle(introStyle); var introStyle1 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Style(); introStyle1.name = 'intro1'; introStyle1.font = 'normal bold 14px Calibri'; introStyle1.hAlign = 0; introStyle1.vAlign = 1; introStyle1.foreColor = "#172b4d"; spread.addNamedStyle(introStyle1); var formulaStyle = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Style(); formulaStyle.name = 'formula'; formulaStyle.font = 'normal bold 12px Consolas'; formulaStyle.foreColor = "#c00000"; introStyle1.vAlign = 1; spread.addNamedStyle(formulaStyle); var tableHeaderStyle = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Style(); tableHeaderStyle.name = 'tableHeader'; tableHeaderStyle.font = "normal bold 14.7px Calibri"; tableHeaderStyle.hAlign = 1; tableHeaderStyle.backColor = "#d9e1f2"; spread.addNamedStyle(tableHeaderStyle); var tableContentStyle = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Style(); tableContentStyle.name = 'tableContent'; tableContentStyle.font = "normal normal 14.7px Calibri"; tableContentStyle.hAlign = 1; spread.addNamedStyle(tableContentStyle); var sourceStyle = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Style(); sourceStyle.name = 'source'; sourceStyle.hAlign = 0; sourceStyle.backColor = "#fce8ce"; spread.addNamedStyle(sourceStyle); var resultStyle = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Style(); resultStyle.name = 'result'; resultStyle.hAlign = 0; resultStyle.backColor = "#e2efda"; spread.addNamedStyle(resultStyle); } function initSheet1(sheet) { sheet.name('Use Case'); var table1Source = { name: 'Quarterly Employee Commissions', data: [ { salesRap: 'Jim', quarter: 'Q1', revenue: 351 }, { salesRap: 'Jim', quarter: 'Q2', revenue: 210 }, { salesRap: 'Kevin', quarter: 'Q1', revenue: 687 }, { salesRap: 'Sarah', quarter: 'Q1', revenue: 300 }, { salesRap: 'Sarah', quarter: 'Q2', revenue: 809 }, { salesRap: 'Kevin', quarter: 'Q2', revenue: 285 }, { salesRap: 'Bob', quarter: 'Q1', revenue: 110 } ] }; sheet.addSpan(1, 1, 1, 6); sheet.setValue(1, 1, table1Source.name); sheet.getCell(1, 1).hAlign(1).font("normal bold 15px Calibri"); sheet.setColumnWidth(1, 83); sheet.setColumnWidth(2, 73); sheet.setColumnWidth(3, 77); sheet.setColumnWidth(4, 122); sheet.setColumnWidth(5, 134); sheet.setColumnWidth(6, 98); var table1 = sheet.tables.add('Table1', 2, 1, 7, 6); table1.style(GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableThemes.medium2); var table1Column1 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(1, "salesRap", "Sales Rap"); var table1Column2 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(2, "quarter", "Quarter"); var table1Column3 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(3, "revenue", "Revenue"); var table1Column4 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(4, null, "Comm Category"); var table1Column5 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(5, null, "Comm Percentage", "0%"); var table1Column6 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(6, null, "Commission"); table1.autoGenerateColumns(false); table1.bind([table1Column1, table1Column2, table1Column3, table1Column4, table1Column5, table1Column6], 'data', table1Source); var table2Source = { name: "Commissions Table", data: [ { category: 1, sales: 100, percentage: 0.05 }, { category: 2, sales: 200, percentage: 0.1 }, { category: 3, sales: 400, percentage: 0.15 }, { category: 4, sales: 800, percentage: 0.20 } ] }; sheet.addSpan(1, 8, 1, 3); sheet.setValue(1, 8, table2Source.name); sheet.getCell(1, 8).hAlign(1).font("normal bold 15px Calibri"); sheet.setColumnWidth(8, 88); sheet.setColumnWidth(9, 57); sheet.setColumnWidth(10, 91); var table2 = sheet.tables.add('Table2', 2, 8, 4, 3); table2.style(GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableThemes.medium2); var table2Column1 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(1, "category", "Category"); var table2Column2 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(2, "sales", "Sales"); var table2Column3 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(3, "percentage", "Percentage", "0%"); table2.autoGenerateColumns(false); table2.bind([table2Column1, table2Column2, table2Column3 ], 'data', table2Source); table1.setColumnDataFormula(3, '=XMATCH([@Revenue],Table2[Sales],-1,1)'); table1.setColumnDataFormula(4, '=XLOOKUP([@[Comm Category]],Table2[Category],Table2[Percentage],0,0,1)'); table1.setColumnDataFormula(5, '=[@Revenue]*[@[Comm Percentage]]'); } function initSheet2(sheet) { sheet.name('basic exact match'); var intro = '#1 - basic exact match'; var formula = '=XMATCH(H5,B6:B10)'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); sheet.setValue(2, 1, formula); sheet.setStyle(2, 1, 'formula'); var data = [ ["Movie","Year","Rank","Sales"], ["Fargo",1996,5,61], ["L.A. Confidential",1997,4,126], ["The Sixth Sense",1999,1,673], ["Toy Story",1995,2,362], ["Unforgiven",1992,3,159] ]; sheet.setArray(4, 1, data); for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) { for (var j = 0; j < data[i].length; j ++) { var styleName; if (i === 0) { styleName = 'tableHeader'; } else { styleName = 'tableContent'; } sheet.setStyle(4 + i, 1 + j, styleName); } } sheet.setColumnWidth(1, 126); sheet.setValue(4, 6, 'Movie'); sheet.setStyle(4, 6, 'source'); sheet.setValue(5, 6, 'Position'); sheet.setStyle(5, 6, 'result'); sheet.setValue(4, 7, 'Toy Story'); sheet.setFormula(5, 7, formula); } function initSheet3(sheet) { sheet.name('basic approximate match'); var intro = '#2 - basic approximate match'; var formula = '=XMATCH(H5,E6:E10,1)'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); sheet.setValue(2, 1, formula); sheet.setStyle(2, 1, 'formula'); var data = [ ["Movie","Year","Rank","Sales"], ["Fargo",1996,5,61], ["L.A. Confidential",1997,4,126], ["The Sixth Sense",1999,1,673], ["Toy Story",1995,2,362], ["Unforgiven",1992,3,159] ]; sheet.setArray(4, 1, data); for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) { for (var j = 0; j < data[i].length; j ++) { var styleName; if (i === 0) { styleName = 'tableHeader'; } else { styleName = 'tableContent'; } sheet.setStyle(4 + i, 1 + j, styleName); } } sheet.setColumnWidth(1, 126); sheet.setValue(4, 6, 'Sales'); sheet.setStyle(4, 6, 'source'); sheet.setValue(5, 6, 'Position'); sheet.setStyle(5, 6, 'result'); sheet.setValue(4, 7, 400); sheet.setFormula(5, 7, formula); } function initSheet4(sheet) { sheet.name('multiple values'); var intro = '#3 - multiple values'; var formula = '=XMATCH({5,4,1},D6:D10)'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); sheet.setValue(2, 1, formula); sheet.setStyle(2, 1, 'formula'); var data = [ ["Movie","Year","Rank","Sales"], ["Fargo",1996,5,61], ["L.A. Confidential",1997,4,126], ["The Sixth Sense",1999,1,673], ["Toy Story",1995,2,362], ["Unforgiven",1992,3,159] ]; sheet.setArray(4, 1, data); for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) { for (var j = 0; j < data[i].length; j ++) { var styleName; if (i === 0) { styleName = 'tableHeader'; } else { styleName = 'tableContent'; } sheet.setStyle(4 + i, 1 + j, styleName); } } sheet.setColumnWidth(1, 126); sheet.setValue(4, 6, 'Rank'); sheet.setStyle(4, 6, 'source'); sheet.setValue(5, 6, 'Position'); sheet.setStyle(5, 6, 'result'); sheet.setValue(4, 7, '{5,4,1}'); sheet.setFormula(5, 7, formula); } function _getElementById(id) { return document.getElementById(id); }
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