数组公式介绍

数组公式是指可以在数组的一项或多项上执行多个计算的公式,你可以将数组视为一行值、一列值或行值和列值的组合。数组公式可以返回多个结果,也可返回一个结果。

数组公式通常称作 CSE (Ctrl+Shift+Enter) 公式,因为不是只按 Enter 键,而是要按 Ctrl+Shift+Enter 完成公式。 数组常量是数组公式的组成部分。可以通过输入一系列项然后手动用大括号 ({ }) 将该系列项括起来创建数组常量。 使用逗号分隔各个项,将创建水平数组(一行)。使用分号分隔项,将创建垂直数组(一列)。要创建二维数组,应在每行中使用逗号分隔项,并使用分号分隔每行。 数组常量中只能包含常量,比如数字、字符串等。 例如: 类似于 setFormula 方法,你可以使用 setArrayFormula 方法来设置数组公式。在 公式输入框 中数组公式会被包含在大括号中({ })。
var spreadNS = GC.Spread.Sheets; window.onload = function () { var spread = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Workbook(document.getElementById("ss"), { sheetCount: 1 }); initSpread(spread); }; function initSpread(spread) { spread.suspendPaint(); var fbx = new spreadNS.FormulaTextBox.FormulaTextBox(document.getElementById('formulaBar')); fbx.workbook(spread); var oldArrayRange; var arrayFormulaStyle = new spreadNS.Style(); arrayFormulaStyle.backColor = "#E0E0FF"; for (var i = 0; i < spread.sheets.length; i++) { (function (sheet1) { sheet1.bind(spreadNS.Events.SelectionChanged, null, function (args) { sheet1.suspendPaint(); var formulaBar = document.getElementById("formulaBar"); var formulaInfo = sheet1.getFormulaInformation(sheet1.getActiveRowIndex(), sheet1.getActiveColumnIndex()); if (oldArrayRange && (!formulaInfo || !formulaInfo.isArrayFormula || !formulaInfo.baseRange.equals(oldArrayRange))) { for (var r = oldArrayRange.row; r < oldArrayRange.row + oldArrayRange.rowCount; r++) { for (var c = oldArrayRange.col; c < oldArrayRange.col + oldArrayRange.colCount; c++) { sheet1.setStyle(r, c, null); } } oldArrayRange = null; } if (formulaInfo && formulaInfo.hasFormula) { var formula = "=" + formulaInfo.formula; formula = formulaInfo.isArrayFormula ? "{" + formula + "}" : formula; formulaBar.value=formula; if (formulaInfo.isArrayFormula && !formulaInfo.baseRange.equals(oldArrayRange)) { oldArrayRange = formulaInfo.baseRange; for (var r = oldArrayRange.row; r < oldArrayRange.row + oldArrayRange.rowCount; r++) { for (var c = oldArrayRange.col; c < oldArrayRange.col + oldArrayRange.colCount; c++) { sheet1.setStyle(r, c, arrayFormulaStyle); } } } } else { formulaBar.value=sheet1.getValue(sheet1.getActiveRowIndex(), sheet1.getActiveColumnIndex()); } sheet1.resumePaint(); }); })(spread.sheets[i]); } setBasic(spread.sheets[0]); spread.resumePaint(); }; function setBasic(sheet) { sheet.name("Simple"); sheet.setArray(0, 0, [[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6], [4, 5, 6], [7, 8, 9], [10, 11, 12]]); sheet.addSpan(0, 7, 4, 3); sheet.setValue(0, 7, "Set array fomular by:\n 1st select the cell / range;\n 2nd enter the formula;\n last press Ctrl+Shift+Enter."); setDescriptionStyle(sheet.getCell(0, 7)); sheet.setRowHeight(5, 40); sheet.addSpan(5, 0, 1, 3); sheet.setValue(5, 0, "Array formula use constants\n ex. ={1,2,3}*{4;5;6}"); setDescriptionStyle(sheet.getCell(5, 0)); sheet.setArrayFormula(6, 0, 3, 3, "={1,2,3}*{4;5;6}"); sheet.addSpan(5, 4, 1, 3); sheet.setValue(5, 4, "Array formula use range\n ex. =A1:A4*A1:C1"); setDescriptionStyle(sheet.getCell(5, 4)); sheet.setArrayFormula(6, 4, 4, 3, "=A1:A4*A1:C1"); sheet.addSpan(5, 8, 1, 4); sheet.setValue(5, 8, "Array formula use range & function\n ex. =SUM(A1:A4*A1:C1)"); setDescriptionStyle(sheet.getCell(5, 8)); sheet.setArrayFormula(6, 8, 4, 2, "=SUM(A1:A4*A1:C1)"); sheet.setRowHeight(11, 40); sheet.addSpan(11, 0, 1, 4); sheet.setValue(11, 0, "Array formula copy column range\n ex. =A1:A2"); setDescriptionStyle(sheet.getCell(11, 0)); sheet.setArrayFormula(12, 0, 2, 3, "=A1:A2"); sheet.addSpan(11, 5, 1, 3); sheet.setValue(11, 5, "Array formula copy row range\n ex. =A1:B1"); setDescriptionStyle(sheet.getCell(11, 5)); sheet.setArrayFormula(12, 5, 4, 2, "=A1:B1"); sheet.setRowHeight(17, 40); sheet.addSpan(17, 0, 1, 4); sheet.setValue(17, 0, "Array formula out of range value is #N/A:\n ex. ={1,2,3}*{4;5;6}"); setDescriptionStyle(sheet.getCell(17, 0)); sheet.setArrayFormula(18, 0, 4, 4, "={1,2,3}*{4;5;6}"); } function setDescriptionStyle(cell) { cell.wordWrap(true).backColor("Accent 5 80").vAlign(spreadNS.VerticalAlign.center); }
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