XLOOKUP

Excel XLOOKUP函数相较于VLOOKUP,HLOOKUP和LOOKUP之类的较早函数是更现代且灵活的替代。 XLOOKUP支持近似和精确匹配、采用通配符(*?)的部分匹配,以及在垂直或水平范围内的查找。 返回最佳匹配(精确或近似)结果的位置。

语法 参数 描述 lookup_value (必需) 需要查找的值。 lookup_array (必需) 需要查找的目标数组或者区域。 return_array (必需) 需要返回的数组或者区域 [if_not_found] (可选) 如果找不到有效的匹配项,将返回您提供的[if_not_found]文本.如果找不到有效的匹配项,并且缺少[if_not_found],则将返回#N/A。 [match_mode] (可选) 指定匹配类型:0 - 精确匹配(默认值),如果找不到匹配的结果,则返回#N/A。-1 - 精确匹配。如果找不到,则返回下一个较小的项。1 - 精确匹配。如果找不到,则返回下一个较大的项。2 - 通配符匹配,其中 *, ? 以及 ~ 有特殊含义.. [search_mode] (可选) 指定要使用的搜索模式:1 - 从第一项开始执行搜索。 这是默认值。-1 - 从最后一项开始执行反向搜索。2 - 执行依赖于按升序排序的lookup_array的二分查找。 如果未排序,将返回无效结果。-2 - 执行依赖于按降序排序的lookup_array的二分查找。 如果未排序,将返回无效结果。 “找不到”的含义 当XLOOKUP找不到匹配项时,它将像Excel中的其他匹配函数一样返回#N/A错误。 但与其他匹配函数不同的是,XLOOKUP支持一个称为not_found的可选参数,该参数可用于替代#N/A错误,否则就会出现#N/A错误。 not_found的典型值可能是“找不到”,“不匹配”,“无结果”等。当为not_found提供值时,请用双引号("")括住文本。 注意: 请注意当为not_found提供空字符串("")时,如果找不到匹配项,则XLOOKUP将不显示任何内容而不是显示#N/A。 如果在找不到匹配项时希望看到#N/A错误,请完全忽略该参数。 XLOOKUP的优势 XLOOKUP具有几个重要的优势,尤其是与VLOOKUP相比: XLOOKUP可以在查找值的右侧或左侧查找数据 XLOOKUP可以返回多个结果(上面的示例3) XLOOKUP默认为完全匹配(VLOOKUP默认为近似匹配) XLOOKUP可以处理垂直和水平数据 XLOOKUP可以执行反向搜索(从最后到最开始) XLOOKUP可以返回整行或整列,而不仅仅是一个值
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resultStyle.hAlign = 0; resultStyle.backColor = "#e2efda"; spread.addNamedStyle(resultStyle); } function initSheet1(sheet) { sheet.name('Use Case'); var table1Source = { name: 'Quarterly Employee Commissions', data: [ { salesRap: 'Jim', quarter: 'Q1', revenue: 351 }, { salesRap: 'Jim', quarter: 'Q2', revenue: 210 }, { salesRap: 'Kevin', quarter: 'Q1', revenue: 687 }, { salesRap: 'Sarah', quarter: 'Q1', revenue: 300 }, { salesRap: 'Sarah', quarter: 'Q2', revenue: 809 }, { salesRap: 'Kevin', quarter: 'Q2', revenue: 285 }, { salesRap: 'Bob', quarter: 'Q1', revenue: 110 } ] }; sheet.addSpan(1, 1, 1, 6); sheet.setValue(1, 1, table1Source.name); sheet.getCell(1, 1).hAlign(1).font("normal bold 15px Calibri"); sheet.setColumnWidth(1, 83); sheet.setColumnWidth(2, 73); sheet.setColumnWidth(3, 77); sheet.setColumnWidth(4, 122); sheet.setColumnWidth(5, 134); sheet.setColumnWidth(6, 98); var table1 = sheet.tables.add('Table1', 2, 1, 7, 6); table1.style(GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableThemes.medium2); var table1Column1 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(1, "salesRap", "Sales Rap"); var table1Column2 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(2, "quarter", "Quarter"); var table1Column3 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(3, "revenue", "Revenue"); var table1Column4 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(4, null, "Comm Category"); var table1Column5 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(5, null, "Comm Percentage", "0%"); var table1Column6 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(6, null, "Commission"); table1.autoGenerateColumns(false); table1.bind([table1Column1, table1Column2, table1Column3, table1Column4, table1Column5, table1Column6], 'data', table1Source); var table2Source = { name: "Commissions Table", data: [ { category: 1, sales: 100, percentage: 0.05 }, { category: 2, sales: 200, percentage: 0.1 }, { category: 3, sales: 400, percentage: 0.15 }, { category: 4, sales: 800, percentage: 0.20 } ] }; sheet.addSpan(1, 8, 1, 3); sheet.setValue(1, 8, table2Source.name); sheet.getCell(1, 8).hAlign(1).font("normal bold 15px Calibri"); sheet.setColumnWidth(8, 88); sheet.setColumnWidth(9, 57); sheet.setColumnWidth(10, 91); var table2 = sheet.tables.add('Table2', 2, 8, 4, 3); table2.style(GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableThemes.medium2); var table2Column1 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(1, "category", "Category"); var table2Column2 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(2, "sales", "Sales"); var table2Column3 = new GC.Spread.Sheets.Tables.TableColumn(3, "percentage", "Percentage", "0%"); table2.autoGenerateColumns(false); table2.bind([table2Column1, table2Column2, table2Column3 ], 'data', table2Source); table1.setColumnDataFormula(3, '=XMATCH([@Revenue],Table2[Sales],-1,1)'); table1.setColumnDataFormula(4, '=XLOOKUP([@[Comm Category]],Table2[Category],Table2[Percentage],0,0,1)'); table1.setColumnDataFormula(5, '=[@Revenue]*[@[Comm Percentage]]'); } function initSheet2(sheet) { sheet.name('basic exact match'); var intro = '#1 - basic exact match'; var formula = '=XLOOKUP(H5,B6:B10,D6:D10)'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); sheet.setValue(2, 1, formula); sheet.setStyle(2, 1, 'formula'); var data = [ ["Movie","Year","Rank","Sales"], ["Fargo",1996,5,61], ["L.A. Confidential",1997,4,126], ["The Sixth Sense",1999,1,673], ["Toy Story",1995,2,362], ["Unforgiven",1992,3,159] ]; sheet.setArray(4, 1, data); for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) { for (var j = 0; j < data[i].length; j ++) { var styleName; if (i === 0) { styleName = 'tableHeader'; } else { styleName = 'tableContent'; } sheet.setStyle(4 + i, 1 + j, styleName); } } sheet.setColumnWidth(1, 126); sheet.setValue(4, 6, 'Movie'); sheet.setStyle(4, 6, 'source'); sheet.setValue(5, 6, 'Sales'); sheet.setStyle(5, 6, 'result'); sheet.setValue(4, 7, 'Toy Story'); sheet.setFormula(5, 7, formula); } function initSheet3(sheet) { sheet.name('basic approximate match'); var intro = '#2 - basic approximate match'; var formula = '=XLOOKUP(E6,B6:B10,C6:C10,,-1)'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); sheet.setValue(2, 1, formula); sheet.setStyle(2, 1, 'formula'); var data = [ ["Quantily","Discount"], [0,0], [10,0.05], [25,0.1], [50,0.2], [100,0.25] ]; sheet.setArray(4, 1, data); for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) { for (var j = 0; j < data[i].length; j ++) { var styleName; if (i === 0) { styleName = 'tableHeader'; } else { styleName = 'tableContent'; } sheet.setStyle(4 + i, 1 + j, styleName); } } sheet.setValue(4, 4, 'Quantily'); sheet.setStyle(4, 4, 'source'); sheet.setValue(4, 5, 'Result'); sheet.setStyle(4, 5, 'result'); sheet.setValue(5, 4, 28); sheet.setFormula(5, 5, formula); } function initSheet4(sheet) { sheet.name('multiple value'); var intro = '#3 - multiple values'; var formula = '=XLOOKUP(B6,B9:B16,C9:E16)'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); sheet.setValue(2, 1, formula); sheet.setStyle(2, 1, 'formula'); var data = [ ["ID","First","Last","Department"], [610,"Janet","Farley","Fulfillment"], [798,"Steven","Batista","Sales"], [841,"Evelyn","Monet","Fulfillment"], [886,"Marilyn","Bradley","Fulfillment"], [622,"Jonathan","Adder","Marketing"], [601,"Adrian","Birt","Engineering"], [869,"Julie","Irons","Sales"], [867,"Erica","Tan","Fulfillment"] ]; sheet.setArray(7, 1, data); for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) { for (var j = 0; j < data[i].length; j ++) { var styleName; if (i === 0) { styleName = 'tableHeader'; } else { styleName = 'tableContent'; } sheet.setStyle(7 + i, 1 + j, styleName); } } sheet.setColumnWidth(4, 100); sheet.setValue(4, 1, 'ID'); sheet.setStyle(4, 1, 'source'); sheet.setValue(4, 2, 'First'); sheet.setStyle(4, 2, 'result'); sheet.setValue(4, 3, 'Last'); sheet.setStyle(4, 3, 'result'); sheet.setValue(4, 4, 'Department'); sheet.setStyle(4, 4, 'result'); sheet.setValue(5, 1, 841); sheet.setFormula(5, 2, formula); } function initSheet5(sheet) { sheet.name('two-way lookup'); var intro = '#4 - two-way lookup'; var formula = '=XLOOKUP(I6,C5:F5,XLOOKUP(I5,B6:B10,C6:F10))'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); sheet.setValue(2, 1, formula); sheet.setStyle(2, 1, 'formula'); var data = [ [null,"A","B","C","D"], ["Vinyl",10,11.5,13.23,15.21], ["Wood",12,13.8,15.87,18.25], ["Glass",15,17.25,19.84,22.81], ["Steel",18,20.7,23.81,27.38], ["Titanium",23,26.45,30.42,34.98] ]; sheet.setArray(4, 1, data); for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) { for (var j = 0; j < data[i].length; j ++) { var styleName; if (i === 0) { styleName = 'tableHeader'; } else { styleName = 'tableContent'; } sheet.setStyle(4 + i, 1 + j, styleName); } } sheet.setValue(4, 7, 'Material'); sheet.setStyle(4, 7, 'source'); sheet.setValue(4, 8, 'Glass'); sheet.setValue(5, 7, 'Group'); sheet.setStyle(5, 7, 'source'); sheet.setValue(5, 8, 'B'); sheet.setValue(6, 7, 'Result'); sheet.setStyle(6, 7, 'result'); sheet.setFormula(6, 8, formula); } function initSheet6(sheet) { sheet.name('not found message'); var intro = '#5 - not found message'; var formula = '=XLOOKUP(H4,B5:B9,E5:E9,"Not found")'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); sheet.setValue(2, 1, formula); sheet.setStyle(2, 1, 'formula'); var data = [ ["Movie","Year","Rank","Sales"], ["Fargo",1996,5,61], ["L.A. Confidential",1997,4,126], ["The Sixth Sense",1999,1,673], ["Toy Story",1995,2,362], ["Unforgiven",1992,3,159] ]; sheet.setArray(4, 1, data); for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) { for (var j = 0; j < data[i].length; j ++) { var styleName; if (i === 0) { styleName = 'tableHeader'; } else { styleName = 'tableContent'; } sheet.setStyle(4 + i, 1 + j, styleName); } } sheet.setColumnWidth(1, 126); sheet.setValue(4, 6, 'Movie'); sheet.setStyle(4, 6, 'source'); sheet.setValue(5, 6, 'Sales'); sheet.setStyle(5, 6, 'result'); sheet.setValue(4, 7, 'Godzilla'); sheet.setFormula(5, 7, formula); } function initSheet7(sheet) { sheet.name('array arguments'); var intro = '#6 - array arguments'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); sheet.setValue(4, 1, 'Years'); sheet.setStyle(4, 1, 'tableHeader'); sheet.setValue(5, 1, 'Sales'); sheet.setStyle(5, 1, 'tableHeader'); sheet.setValue(6, 1, 'Year'); sheet.setStyle(6, 1, 'source'); sheet.setValue(7, 1, 'Result'); sheet.setStyle(7, 1, 'result'); sheet.setValue(4, 2, '{1996,1997,1999,1995,1992}'); sheet.setValue(5, 2, '{61,126,673,362,159}'); sheet.setValue(6, 2, 1997); sheet.setColumnWidth(1, 126); var formula1 = '=XLOOKUP(C7,{1996,1997,1999,1995,1992},{61,126,673,362,159})'; sheet.setValue(2, 1, formula1); sheet.setStyle(2, 1, 'formula'); sheet.setFormula(7, 2, formula1); } function initSheet8(sheet) { sheet.name('return reference'); var intro = '#7 - return reference'; var formula = '=SUM(XLOOKUP(B6,B9:B13,E9:E13):XLOOKUP(C6,B9:B13,E9:E13))'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); sheet.setValue(2, 1, formula); sheet.setStyle(2, 1, 'formula'); var data = [ ["Product","Qty","Price","Total"], ["Apple",23,0.52,11.9], ["Grape",98,0.77,75.28], ["Pear",75,0.24,18.16], ["Banana",95,0.18,17.25], ["Cherry",42,0.16,6.8] ]; sheet.setArray(7, 1, data); for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) { for (var j = 0; j < data[i].length; j ++) { var styleName; if (i === 0) { styleName = 'tableHeader'; } else { styleName = 'tableContent'; } sheet.setStyle(7 + i, 1 + j, styleName); } } // sheet.setColumnWidth(4, 100); sheet.setValue(4, 1, 'Start'); sheet.setStyle(4, 1, 'source'); sheet.setValue(4, 2, 'End'); sheet.setStyle(4, 2, 'source'); sheet.setValue(4, 3, 'Total'); sheet.setStyle(4, 3, 'result'); sheet.setValue(5, 1, 'Grape'); sheet.setValue(5, 2, 'Banana'); sheet.setFormula(5, 3, formula); } function initSheet9(sheet) { sheet.name('special cases'); var intro = '#test - special cases'; sheet.setValue(1, 1, intro); sheet.setStyle(1, 1, 'intro'); var data = [ ["Movie","Year","Rank","Sales"], ["Fargo",1996,5,61], ["L.A. Confidential",1997,4,126], ["The Sixth Sense",1999,1,673], ["Toy Story",1995,2,362], ["Unforgiven",1992,3,159] ]; sheet.setArray(1, 1, data); for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) { for (var j = 0; j < data[i].length; j ++) { var styleName; if (i === 0) { styleName = 'tableHeader'; } else { styleName = 'tableContent'; } sheet.setStyle(1 + i, 1 + j, styleName); } } sheet.setColumnWidth(1, 126); var formula1 = '=XLOOKUP(C2,C2:E2,C3:E3)'; sheet.setValue(8, 1, 'Row search'); sheet.setStyle(8, 1, 'intro1'); sheet.setValue(8, 2, formula1); sheet.setStyle(8, 2, 'formula'); sheet.setFormula(8, 5, formula1); var formula2 = '=XLOOKUP(C4,C2:C7,D2:D7)'; sheet.setValue(9, 1, 'Column Search'); sheet.setStyle(9, 1, 'intro1'); sheet.setValue(9, 2, formula2); sheet.setStyle(9, 2, 'formula'); sheet.setFormula(9, 5, formula2); var formula3 = '=XLOOKUP(B5,B2:B7,C2:E2)'; sheet.setValue(10, 1, 'Not same direction'); sheet.setStyle(10, 1, 'intro1'); sheet.setValue(10, 2, formula3); sheet.setStyle(10, 2, 'formula'); sheet.setFormula(10, 5, formula3); var formula4 = '=XLOOKUP(B3,B3,E5)'; sheet.setValue(11, 1, 'Single Search'); sheet.setStyle(11, 1, 'intro1'); sheet.setValue(11, 2, formula4); sheet.setStyle(11, 2, 'formula'); sheet.setFormula(11, 5, formula4); var formula5 = '=XLOOKUP(B5,C4,D6)'; sheet.setValue(12, 1, 'Single Search'); sheet.setStyle(12, 1, 'intro1'); sheet.setValue(12, 2, formula5); sheet.setStyle(12, 2, 'formula'); sheet.setFormula(12, 5, formula5); var formula6 = '=XLOOKUP(D2,B2:E2,B3:E7)'; sheet.setValue(13, 1, 'Spill Column'); sheet.setStyle(13, 1, 'intro1'); sheet.setValue(13, 2, formula6); sheet.setStyle(13, 2, 'formula'); sheet.setFormula(13, 5, formula6); } function _getElementById(id) { return document.getElementById(id); }
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